The House

Ang Bahay Nakpil-Bautista

is a unique house at Quiapo, the heart of Manila. It was built in 1914 by the famous architect, Arcadio Arellano.

The architecture typifies traditional urban Filipino style at its very best: a stone skirt for the first storey, a wooden frame and an upper storey of wood, sliding windows. The beautiful details were inspired by the 1900’s Viennese art movement, Secession.

Tahanan ng mga Katipunero

Home of Heroes of the 1896 Revolution

Ang Mga Maybahay

They Lived Here

Ariston Bautista

Ariston Bautista
y Lin

Feb 22, 1863 – Mar 3, 1928
Gregoria de Jesus

Gregoria de Jesus

Lakanbini ng Katipunan

(9 May 1875 - 15 March 1943)

Julio Nakpil

(May 22, 1867 – Nov 2, 1960)

Francisco Nakpil

(Jan 29, 1865 – Apr 10, 1906)
Juan Felipe Nakpil

Juan Felipe Nakpil

(May 26, 1899 – May 7, 1986)

Angel Ernesto Sancho Nakpil

(Feb 20, 1914 – Nov 2, 1980)

The 1896-1898 Revolution

Ang Katipunan

In Brief

(edited by BSV)
Katipunan Museum Flag display
  • Katipunan means “association”
  • Katipunero, its members
  • KKK, its acronym. Its full Tagalog name is Kataastaasan Kagalang-galang na Katipunan nang manga Anak ng Bayan (Highest and Most Venerated Association of the Sons and Daughters of the Land)
  • The Katipunan was founded in Tondo, Manila, on July 7, 1892
  • It initiated the Philippine Revolution
  • It was forged by blood, with all its members enacting the traditional blood compact and signing their names with their own blood
  • The foremost goal was political, the separation of the Philippines from Spain
  • Its members also recognized and performed a civic duty which was mutual assistance and the defense of the poor and the oppressed
  • Because of its brotherhood appeal, Katipunan was swift in recruiting members from the peasants and the working class

The Leader

Andres Bonifacio

Andres Bonifacio was its founder, who became known as the Supremo (Supreme Head) of the Katipunan


  • In their writings, Bonifacio and Jacinto described the pre-Spanish period as an era of kasaganaan (great abundance) and kaginhawaan (prosperity). The demise of this glorious era was a result of the tyranny of Spanish colonial rule.
  • The Katipunan then envisioned the future as one marked by kalayaan (independence), a state of being where there would once again be liwanag (knowledge) and kasaganaan (prosperity). Kalayaan would mean a return to the pre-Spanish condition of prosperity, bliss, and contentment. But it entailed cutting ties with the colonial mother, Spain, and the birth of a nurturing real mother, Inang Bayan or Motherland, meaning Philippines.


  • From the start, they drew inspiration from Jose Rizal, whose nationalist writings stirred an oppressed nation into action– the Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not) and the El Filibusterismo (The Subversive), denounced the decadent colonial order presided by the incompetent and abusive colonial officials and the backward and immoral ‘frailo-cracy’.


  • In the 1880s, Jose Rizal and his fellow ilustrados launched the Propaganda Movement in Europe where they vigorously campaigned for the implementation of the much needed reforms in the Philippines. Their failure to force Spain to institute reforms convinced the Katipunan that the call must be for revolution and not reform.
  • In 1892, Bonifacio sought the counsel of Rizal on their planned revolution but Rizal cautioned them because of its untimeliness and the people’s unpreparedness.


  • Events forced Bonifacio and the Katipunan to launch the revolution.
  • On August 23, 1896, the Katipunan was discovered by the Spanish authorities, prompting Bonifacio and the Katipuneros to tear their cedula (identification card), which symbolized their colonial oppression, and to declare in Balintawak the beginning of the Philippine Revolution.